Yoga Mudras

yoga mudras

What is meant by Mudra?

Mudra is a Sanskrit word that means posture or pose, which helps in awakening the five elements of our body. Mudras are originated from Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In the practice of Yoga, we use mudras in many ways, but our ultimate aim is to draw our focus on the soul. There are more than 200 mudras used in yoga and classical dance forms but, here we are going to learn about some basic mudras.

What is Mudras Functionality?

Each finger of our hand represents 5 basic elements of nature. Our thumb represents fire, index finger air, middle finger sky, ring finger earth and the last one, little finger as water. The person with the knowledge of all the five elements can attain greater health, happiness, power and wisdom. But, if any of these elements gets disturbed, then it can create a negative impact on our body. 

Anyone can practice these mudras which provide many benefits like improving our mental and physical health. So, let’s start from basic-


 1. Gyan Mudra-


Gyan mudra

Gyan mudra is the most commonly used one. Gyan means knowledge or wisdom. It stimulates air elements that empower an improved level of concentration. It reduces stress and depression level, which makes us emotionally stable and also effective in insomnia.

Steps to follow-

Sit comfortably and touch your index finger with the thumb while keeping your hand and other fingers straight. Palm should face the sky. Now, focus on your breathing process by slowly inhaling and exhaling. Do this process with both the hands simultaneously and keep practicing it for 15 to 30 minutes. While practicing, you can use nature’s music like Zen (link). 

 2. Prithvi Mudra-


Prithvi mudra

Prithvi means Earth. It invokes the elements like stability, firmness and stamina. It is also beneficial for increasing vitamin consumption in the body, which helps in removing fat, reduces hair loss and diabetes. Prithvi mudra can help in healing ulcers.

Steps to do-

Touch your ring finger with the thumb. Keep your hands as showed in image above. Breathing should be natural slowly. Practice it for 15 to 30 minutes. People with a Kapha body should not practice this.

 3. Mukul Mudra-


Mukul mudra

Mukul mudra is the simplest one, and it has both mental and physical benefits. It is also called Beak hand and represents the blossom of a lotus flower. Mukul mudra is a healing as well as peaceful mudra. It can improve your immunity, calm the mind, and helps to get rid of negative thoughts. This mudra’s regular practice can help in to bring glow on your face and makes the skin radiant.

Steps to do-

Sit comfortably, and touch all your fingers tip with the thumb, as shown in the image. Slowly inhale and exhale.   5 minutes daily practice is sufficient. 

 4. Anjali Mudra-


Anjali mudra

Anjali means offering or a salutation. And in India, it is accompanied by the word “Namaste”. Its a gesture of prayers and greeting. It helps in reducing stress and anxiety. It improves the flexibility of the wrist and hand. This mudra helps in balancing your energy circle as it has all the elements.

Steps to do

Sit down comfortably or be in the standing position. Then, place your one palm against another palm and hold this mudra in front of your chest. Try Practicing it for 5 to 10 minutes.

Caution –If you feel any uncomfortableness while practicing then stop practicing it or take help from yoga experts.

I hope these basic but effective mudras will help you to attain peace and relaxation. If you want to know more about any specific mudra, please do mention in the comment section.


So, what kind of mudra have you practiced? 

Please, try these mudras and enjoy its benefits.




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